Royal Jelly comes from the fact that the larvae intended to become queens, and adults queens, are exclusively fed with a large amount of this food. Royal Jelly contains the determining factor that converts a worker bee to a queen bee.
Chemical composition: The average chemical composition is 67% moisture, 12.5%, total fatty acids 5%, total sugars 1%, minerals (ash) 1% and 3.5% other unidentified ingredients, vitamins and minerals. Also some of the proportion comprised of various compounds such as 10-hydroxy-decenoic acid and pantothenic acid. Physical properties: The color of the royal jelly is important because it indicates the freshness and its suitability for consumption. Fresh royal jelly has a bright white color. When it is exposed to air or light its colour changes to light yellow and dark grey. This change is due to enzymes that oxidize some components of royal jelly and destroy it. Royal jelly has a light pungent smell and sour taste due to very low ph (3.5 to 4.5).
Nutritional value: The Royal jelly helps treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Helps aged and tired body and is widely used in pediatrics as it helps children with anemia, pneumonia, bacterial infections etc. Improves general mood, increases work resistance, appetite and helps people gain greater mental and physical stamina. It is germicidal and antiseptic and helps women significantly in lactation after childbirth. Finally, it helps men to improve their sexual life.
Pollen is collected by bees from various flowers. Pollen is the richest natural food containing proteins, vitamins, essential amino acids, hormones, enzymes and other useful ingredients for our diet.
Chemical composition: The average chemical composition is 25.7% protein, 4.8% lipids, 27% carbohydrates, minerals (ash) 3.1%, water 30%, vitamins and minerals.
Nutritional value: Pollen helps in mental health, strengthens heart contraction and is diuretic. Improves appetite and thus it is highly recommended in cases of weakness and poor metabolism, intestinal disorders, neurasthenia, psychosis and memory loss. Pollen is rich in cystine, an amino acid that affects hair growth and hair color. Additionally, has beneficial effect on the prostate. Also, it helps relieve and reduce the symptoms of menopause.
Propolis is a substance of resins and gums that bees collect from the buds of trees, enrich it with wax, pollen, enzymes and other substances and use it to seal up and disinfect the inside of the their nest. Every time a bee gets off a cell they cover it with propolis.
Chemical Composition: Propolis contains resins and balsams 55%, 30% wax, 10% essential oils, 5% pollen, flavonoids and phenolic compounds.
Physical properties: Propolis differs from cell to cell due to vegetation and the color varies from red to yellow and black. Propolis is insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol. At temperatures over 25º C is soft, flexible and adheres to hands, while at temperatures below 15º C is hard and brittle.
Nutritional value: Propolis has bactericidal and bacteriostatic properties. It is used to heal trauma of the respiratory organs, the oral cavity and other areas of the human body. Due to its large content of flavonols it has antiseptic and antibacterial action. Propolis also inhibits the gathering of erythrocytes, protects vitamin C from oxidation and finally, improves blood circulation in the capillary vessels. It is used against fungal infections and otorhinolaryngological problems and against peptic ulcer and prostate problems.